Effective stress method for local buckling in beam finite elements


AGB seminar room


Tuesday, May 6, 2014 - 12:45 to 14:00

Prof. Jean-Marc Franssen
University of Liège, Belgium

In the fire situation, Bernoulli beam finite elements are the workhorse used in the general calculation model for simulating the behaviour of the structure. Such finite elements treat all sections as class 1 (stocky) sections whatever the slenderness of the plates that make the section, allowing the development of a full plastic stress distribution in the section which leads to complete plastic redistribution in the structure. This type of element is thus not adapted for modelling structures that contain sections of class 2, 3 or 4. This document presents a new approach to take into account local instabilities using beam finite elements. The new approach is based on an effective constitutive law of steel. The effective law is not symmetrical with respect to tension and compression because, in tension, the stress-strain relationship is not modified whereas, in compression, the stress-strain relationship is modified.

Jean-Marc Franssen is Professor at the Department of Architecture, Geology, Environment and Construction of the University of Liege in Belgium. He is leading the group of fire safety engineering and is the Director of the Fire Resistance Laboratory. He is a member of the Technical Committee TC3 - Fire of ECCS. He founded the Structures in Fire (SiF) movement of which he is teh chairman of the Steering Committee. He was a member of the draft team of EN 1993-1-2.

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Martyn McLaggan

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